There are many types of CV; however there is no such thing as a perfect curriculum vitae or resume. If your CV is neat, informative, well-presented and gets you interviews; then that is what matters.
One of the most important things to remember is that you have only a short time to grab the reader’s attention, so make sure that the layout is easy to read and follow, and you should always use a simple readable font.
Regardless of how your CV appears, always check it thoroughly for spelling or grammatical errors – and keep it up to date. So what are the types of CV and which type of CV / resume is right for you?
There are three main types of CV layouts, they are:
This is the most common type of CV. This format summarises your career /work history thus far in the order in which you held these jobs, always starting with the most recent post.
This type of CV is usually used when applying for a post in the same trade but may be looking for a new opportunity or a promotion.
Advantages of Using a Chronological CV:
An employer can easily see which organisations you have worked for, how long you were employed, what your main duties and achievements were.
You can highlight any promotions you have been given in previous companies.
If you are staying in the same trade you can demonstrate clear career progression.
Disadvantages of Using a Chronological CV:
It can highlight if you have had a number of employers or have worked in a number of temporary roles.
It can bring to light gaps in your employment history.
If you are relatively inexperienced, have just left school/college or are planning to work in a completely different field; this format might be inappropriate.
Click here for a Sample Chronological CV.
This CV format allows more flexibility in how you present yourself rather than the more traditional Chronological CV as it incorporates key skills, achievements and work experience but does not give specific dates. A number of jobs of the same type may be covered under one heading.
Advantages of Using a Functional CV:
You want to change careers and therefore your present job may be of no relevance to any future roles.
You can highlight skills and strengths rather than specific jobs.
You may have had a number of jobs or a number of jobs in different areas.
You may be returning to work after a break.
Your work experience has been on a temporary basis.
Disadvantages of Using a Functional CV:
Employers may think you are trying to hide gaps in your employment history.
If you do not have much work experience, you could find it difficult to highlight a number of different skills and achievements.
If you are applying for a specific job it may not be detailed enough.
Click here for a Sample Functional CV.
A Targeted CV is usually a combination of a Functional CV and a Chronological CV. This CV layout can be used to highlight your knowledge and expertise to aim your CV at a certain job or role.
Advantages of Using Targeted CV:
You supply the reader with the most relevant information regarding the post you are applying for.
You can highlight abilities and achievements that have not been used in your most recent posts.
You may have had quite a few jobs and you would prefer to give an overall description rather than individual posts.
You may have had periods of unemployment, illness that have affected your work history.
You may be changing career direction.
Disadvantages of Using Targeted CV:
Employers might think you are trying to hide gaps in your employment history.
Many employers do not like the unusual CV format.
This type of CV layout does not allow you to illustrate career progression at a glance.
Click here for a Sample Targeted CV.
Now you are familiar with different types of CV, remember that it is your CV and you are the person who must be happy that it reflects you positively and honestly. Once you have a CV that you are satisfied with, why not upload it below and get found by potential employers.
For further information on the different types of CV or for help creating your CV, go to our sample CV page where you can find free examples of:
If you have any suggestions, tips, questions, comments, need help writing a professional CV/resume or would like further information on how to write a CV or resume, use the comment form below and we will gladly try and get the advice and guidance that you need.